Sheet Mulching – Create New Gardens Without Digging!

Fall is a great time to begin new garden beds so that things are primed and ready to be planted come Spring.

Starting a new bed can be intimidating if it involves digging up all the grass, tilling, and going through other heavy-duty preparations.

What’s the easier solution?  Sheet mulching!


The best selfies are with new garden beds.

Also referred to as lasagna gardening, sheet mulching is basically composting in place.  Instead of digging up the ground and adding soil amendments, you create a new garden bed by layering soil-building materials right on top of the ground.

But what about the grass or weeds that are already there?  They get covered with a layer of newspaper or cardboard that acts as a weed protecting barrier that will kill the grass or weeds.  They will just turn into compost along with all of your other additions.

Sheet mulching is really very forgiving.  I think the two most important steps are to: 1) Make sure the ground is covered with newspaper or cardboard to kill the grass and prevent weeds, and 2) Pile on a lot of organic matter.  This will get you started with the essentials for a new bed.  The more amendments you add right away, the healthier the soil will be that you start out with, but don’t be afraid to start with whatever you’ve got. Continue reading

Homestead Update – The Beginning

We’re still in the process of getting our house move-in ready, but it’s always a treat to go visit the land we’ll soon be living with.

Without any input at all there are many strawberry blossoms!

IMG_0172 Continue reading

An Avian Visitor + Wormville Update

Nearly every day for the past week, I will suddenly hear raucous alarm calls coming from the flock of sparrows that hang out in the backyard.

It appears that we have attracted a regular visitor who showed up on two separate occasions today. An adorable, killing machine – a Cooper’s hawk. Continue reading

Beginner’s Worm Composting – Welcome to Wormville Towers

This winter, I ran into a problem that I’ve experienced before  — my outdoor compost pile is filled to the top, but I still have more scraps!

It’s not the right season to start a new pile (nor do I have the room to start a new pile at the urban house that I rent), and it’s not time to start hauling out the compost that is accumulating on the bottom for use in my garden.  What’s a person to do?

Compost from my outdoor pile ready to be put in the garden!

Start to vermicompost, of course!

I don’t have much experience with worm bins, but I’ve seen a fair number of the commercially available ones and have also explored some that are set up as singular bins.  I decided to try a mix.  I call this worm home, Wormville Towers, because it is much more fun to live with worms that have a named community.

Here’s how the community moved in with me:

  1. I acquired three bins — two large 10 gallon bins that fit inside one another (and a lid) and a smaller see-through bin (with a lid). The general idea is that the two large bins are going to be stacked and rotated with the worms and composting material while the see-through bin always remains on the bottom and is just to catch any “worm tea” that drains out during the composting process.

    The three bins

  2. We started by drilling 1/4″ holes into the lid of the bottom bin to allow worm tea to drain in.  We liked the idea of getting a clear bottom bin so that we can see if/when this bin needs to be changed.  We also measured out some screen to screw onto this lid so that no worms could fall into this bin.

    Drilling holes into the lid.

Holes on the lid.

3. Then we started working on the larger bins.  We drilled air holes around the perimeter of the top and drainage holes along the bottom.  We also drilled some larger holes in the bottom so that the worms have an easier time of migrating upward when the bins are rotated.  The idea with the double bins is that we will start one bin, and when that bin is full, it is moved to the bottom, and a new bin is started on top.  As the worms continue to compost the remaining matter on the bottom, they will gradually move up to the top bin when there is more to eat.  After about 3 weeks, the bottom bin should be fully composted and ready to be used.  It is my understanding that the worms will not be tempted to move down and out of the bin as long as there is a yummy environment for them.  However, they should move on up when living conditions become better there. Sounds like we could create a TV show.

Drainage and migration holes

4. Next, we improved the living conditions — we added some interior decorating, if you will.  Many people use paper shredded by a paper shredded or other forms of fibrous material (coconut fiber), but my worms are a little thriftier and like paper ripped by hand. This serves as the worms’ bedding.  We put a little soil on top of this and moistened everything.  Worms should not dry out, but they can drown and do not like to be soaking wet so make sure to go easy on the water.  They might try to escape if they feel like they’re living in a lake.

What a lovely bedroom!

5. Time for the residents!  We raided my outdoor compost pile that has attracted a great many wigglers.  It’s pretty easy to find worms outside, but if you just Google “buy red wigglers” it’s easy to find them for sale. Remember to thank them and tell them that they are going to a place where there is always good food.

Look at all those wigglers in my outdoor pile!

6.  We added more soil, a few kitchen scraps, and covered everything up with more paper.  We assembled the stack and welcomed the worms to their new hang-out in the basement.  In a few days, I’ll start adding more kitchen scraps.

Stacked towers

Once this bin seems full, I’ll switch the bins so that the one shown here (now on top) is on the bottom.  I’ll have new bedding and some soil ready for the worms in the (new) upper bin, take a couple of them from the bottom bin up there to get things established, and start adding new scraps.  The worms should migrate and reproduce so that the top bin is the “working” bin again while the bottom bin is “ripening”.

So far the worms have been in the basement for a few days and everything seems to be going well!  This will be a great way to continue my composting and be a better participant in the cycle of life!

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